Types of Eczema:-

Atopic Eczema: It is most common type of Eczema. It is also known as Atopic Dermatitis. It is caused due to allergic reactions. It mostly affects hands, feet, face and back of knees. It can occur at any age but usually begins from childhood.

Contact Dermatitis: It is due to constant contact with allergen that may cause allergy.

Seborrhoetic Eczema: Commonly it is known as Dandruff. It mainly affects scalp but often it affects eyebrows, sides of the nose and centre of chest.

Xerotic Eczema: It is due to dryness of skin.

Stasis Eczema: It is due to circulation problem such as blood pooling in veins of leg.


Signs and symptoms of eczema may vary from person to person. It also look differ or affect different part of body from time to time. Symptoms may be mild, moderate or severe. The common symptoms are:

  • Dry, sensitive skin
  • Intense itching
  • Scaly areas
  • Oozing or crusting
  • Recurring rashes
  • Dark colored patches of skin

Causes of Eczema

Environmental factors: There are some allergens present in environment like pollutants that may be responsible for eczema.

Temperature variation: Sometimes it may be due to exposure of different temperature i.e. too cold or too hot temperature.

Family history: If any family member associated with any type of allergy or asthma.


Skin Biopsy: in this test remove small piece of skin that help diagnose the cause of dry or itchy skin.

Allergic Tests: It helps to provide information about any allergic disease.